Resources: Podcasts and Videos
Seeing White Podcast [Scene on Radio]
Naming Racism [Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University]
Toni Morrison, what racism is
How racism makes us sick - Dr. David R. Williams [TED Talk]
Racism has a cost for everyone - Heather C. McGhee [TED Talk]
How to deconstruct racism, one headline at a time - Baratunde Thurston [TED Talk]
How racism harms pregnant women - and what can help - Miriam Zoila Pérez [TED Talk]
The path to ending systemic racism in the US - Dr. Phillip Atiba Goff, Rashad Robinson, Dr. Bernice King, Anthony D. Romero, Chris Anderson, Whitney Pennington Rodgers [TED Talk]
The symbols of systemic racism - and how to take away their power - Paul Rucker [TED Talk]
How we can make racism a solvable problem - and improve policing - Dr. Phillip Atiba Goff
We need to address the real roots of racial violence - Dr. Megan Ming Francis [TED Talk]
We need to talk about an injustice - Bryan Stevenson [TED Talk]
The racial politics of time - Dr. Brittney Cooper [TED Talk]
The urgency of intersectionality - Kimberlé Crenshaw [TED Talk]
Resources: Peer-reviewed Articles
Cabrera, N. L. (2012). Working through Whiteness: White male college students challenging racism. The Review of Higher Education, 35(3), 375-401.
Cabrera, N. L. (2014). "But I'm oppressed too": White male college students framing racial emotions as facts and recreating racism. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 27(6), 768-784.
Cabrera, N. L. (2014). But we're not laughing: White male college students' racial joking and what this says about "post-racial" discourse. Journal of College Student Development, 55(1), 1-15.
Cabrera, N. L. (2014). Exposing Whiteness in higher education: White male college students minimizing racism, claiming victimization, and recreating White supremacy. Race Ethnicity and Education. 17(1), 30-55. doi:10.1080/13613324.2012.725040
Cabrera, N. L., Watson, J., & Franklin, J. D. (2016). Racial arrested development: A Critical Whiteness analysis of the campus ecology. Journal of College Student Development, 57(2), 119-134.
Cabrera, N.L., & Corces-Zimmerman, C. (2017). An Unexamined Life: White Male Racial Ignorance and the Agony of Education for Students of Color. Equity & Excellence in Education, 50, 300-315. doi:10.1080/10665684.2017.1336500
Cabrera, N. L. (2017). White immunity: Working through the pedagogical pitfalls of privilege. Journal Committed to Social Change on Race and Ethnicity, 3(1), 74-86.
Cabrera, N. L. (2019). White guys on campus: Racism, White immunity, and the myth of 'post-racial' higher education. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
Cabrera, N. L. (2019). Racism: Becky's dance around the other 'r-word' in student affairs. In C. E. Matias (Ed.), Surviving Becky(s): Pedagogies for deconstructing Whiteness and gender (pp. 147-157). Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
Cabrera, N. L., Utt, J. R., & Corces-Zimmerman, C. (2019). Engaging White students. In S. J. Quaye, S. R. Harper, & S. L. Pendakur (Eds.), Student engagement in higher education: Theoretical perspectives and practical approaches for diverse populations (3rd ed.) (pp. 89-106). New York, NY: Routledge.
Cabrera, N. L., & Corces-Zimmerman, C. (2019). Beyond privilege: Whiteness as the center of racial marginalization. In P. Brug, Z. S., Ritter, and K. R. Roth (Eds.), Marginality in the urban center: Costs and challenges of continued Whiteness in the Americas (and beyond) (pp. 13-29). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
Dulin-Keita. A., Hannon, L., Fernandez, J.R., & Cockerham, W.C. (2011). The defining moment: children's conceptualization of race and experiences with racial discrimination. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 34, 662-682. doi:10.1080/01419870.2011.535906
Gee, G. C., Walsemann, K. M., & Brondolo, E. (2012). A life course perspective on how racism may be related to health inequities. American Journal of Public Health, 102, 967-974.
Gee, G.C., Hing, A., Mohammed, S., Tabor, D.C., & Williams, D.R. (2019). Racism and the life course: Taking time seriously. American Journal of Public Health, 109, S43-S47. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2018.304766
Hagerman, M.A. (2014). White Families and Race: Colour-blind and Colour-conscious Approaches to White Racial Socialization. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 37, 2598- 2614.
Hagerman, M. A. (2016). Reproducing and Reworking Colorblind Racial Ideology: Acknowledging Children's Agency in the White Habitus. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, 2, 58-71.
Hagerman, M. A. (2017). White racial socialization: Progressive fathers on raising "antiracist" children. Journal of Marriage and Family, 79, 60-74.
Hagerman, M. A. (2019). Racial Ideology and White Youth: From Middle Childhood to Adolescence. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity. doi.org/10.1177/2332649219853309
Harrell, S.P. (2000). A Multidimensional conceptualization of racism-related stress: Implications for the well-being of people of color. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 70, 42-57. doi:10.1037/h0087722
Jones, C.P. (2000). Levels of racism: A theoretic framework and a gardener's tale. American Journal of Public Health, 90, 1212-1215. doi:10.2105/AJPH.90.8.1212
Kordesh, K., Spanierman, L. B., & Neville, H. A. (2013). White students' racial affect: Gaining a deeper understanding of the antiracist type. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 6, 33-50. doi:10.1037/a0030102
Mekawi, Y., Bresin, K., & Hunter, C.D. (2016). White Fear, Dehumanization, and Low Empathy: Lethal Combinations for Shooting Biases. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 22, 322-332. doi:10.1037/cdp0000067
Priest, N., Paradies, Y., Trenerry, B., Truong, M., Karlsen, S. & Kelly, Y. (2013). A systematic review of studies examining the relationship between reported racism and health and wellbeing for children and young people. Social Science & Medicine, 95, 115 – 127. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.11.031
Priest, N., Slopen, N., Woolford, S., Philip, J.T., Singer, D., Kauffman, A.D., Moseley, K., Davis, M., Ransome, Y. & Williams, D.R. (2018). Stereotyping across intersections of race and age: Racial stereotyping among White adults working with children. PLoS One, 13(9):e0205614.
Raver, C., & Blair, C. (2020). Developmental science aimed at reducing inequality: Maximizing the social impact of research on executive function in context. Infant and Child Development, 29, e2715. doi:10.1002/icd.2175
Reskin, B. (2012). The race discrimination system. Annual Review of Sociology, 38, 17–35. doi:10.1146/annurev-soc-071811-145508
Seaton, E.K., Gee, G., Neblett, E., & Spanierman, L. (2018). New directions for racial discrimination research as inspired by the Integrative Model. American Psychologist, 73, 768-780. doi:10.1037/amp0000315
Schooley, R., Lee, D. L., & Spanierman, L. B. (2019). Measuring Whiteness: A systematic review of instruments and call for action. The Counseling Psychologist, 47(4), 530-565.
Spanierman, L. B., Poteat, V. P., Whittaker, V. A., Schlosser, L. Z., & Arévalo Avalos, M. R. (2017). Allies for life? Lessons from White scholars of multicultural psychology. The Counseling Psychologist, 45, 618-650. 45.
Spanierman, L. B. & Smith, L. (2017). Roles and responsibilities of White allies: Implications for research, teaching, and practice. The Counseling Psychologist, 45, 606-617. 44.
Spanierman, L. B. & Smith, L. (2017). Confronting White hegemony: A moral imperative for the helping professions. The Counseling Psychologist, 45, 727-736.
Kordesh, K., Spanierman, L. B., & Neville, H. A. (2013). White students' racial affect: Gaining a deeper understanding of the antiracist type. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 6, 33-50.
Yeung, J., Spanierman, L. B., & Landrum-Brown, J. (2013). "Being White in a multicultural society": Critical whiteness pedagogy in a dialogue course. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 6, 17-32.
Poteat, V. P., & Spanierman, L. B. (2012). Modern racism attitudes among White students: The role of dominance and authoritarianism and the mediating effects of racial color-blindness. Journal of Social Psychology, 152, 758-774.
Spanierman, L. B., Beard, J. C., & Todd, N. R. (2012). White men's fears, White women's tears: Examining gender differences in racial affect types. Sex Roles, 67, 174-186.
Todd, N. R., Spanierman, L. B., & Poteat, V. P. (2011). Longitudinal examination of the psychosocial costs of racism to Whites across the college experience. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58, 508-521.
Todd, N. R., Spanierman, L. B., & Aber, M. (2010). White students reflecting on Whiteness: Understanding emotional responses. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 3, 97-110.
Spanierman, L. B., Todd, N. R., & Anderson, C. J. (2009). Psychosocial costs of racism to Whites: Understanding patterns among university students. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 56, 239- 252.
Spanierman, L. B., Oh, E., Poteat, V. P., Hund, A. R., McClair, V. L., Beer, A. M., & Clarke, A. M. (2008). White university students' responses to societal racism: A qualitative investigation. The Counseling Psychologist, 36, 839-870.
Spanierman, L. B., Poteat, V. P., Wang, Y. F., & Oh, E. (2008). Psychosocial costs of racism to White counselors: Predicting various dimensions of multicultural counseling competence. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 55, 75-88.
Spanierman, L. B., Poteat, V. P., Beer, A. M., & Armstrong, P. I. (2006). Psychosocial costs of racism to Whites: Exploring patterns through cluster analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 53(4), 434–441.
Williams, D. R., & Mohammed, S. A. (2009). Discrimination and racial disparities in health: Evidence and needed research. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 32, 20-47.
Williams, D. R., & Mohammed, S. A. (2013). Racism and health I: Pathways and scientific evidence. American Behavioral Scientist, 57, 1152-1173.
Williams, D.R., Lawrence, J.A., & Davis, B.A. (2019). Racism and health: Evidence and needed research. Annual Review of Public Health, 40, 105-125. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth040218-043750
A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America (Revised Edition) by Ronald Takaki
A People's History of the United States by Howard Zinn
American Poison: How Racial Hostility Destroyed Our Promise by Eduardo Porter
America's Original Sin: Racism, White Privilege, and the Bridge to a New America by Jim Wallis, Bryan Stevenson (Foreword)
An Indigenous Peoples' History of the United States by Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz
Between the World and Me by Ta-Nehisi Coates
Biased: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice That Shapes What We See, Think, and Do by Jennifer L. Eberhardt PhD
Black Reconstruction in America, 1860-1880 by W.E.B. Du Bois
Black Skin, White Masks by Frantz Fanon
Citizen: An American Lyric by Claudia Rankine
Cultural Hegemony and African American Development by Clovis E. Semmes
Dying of Whiteness: How the Politics of Racial Resentment Is Killing America's Heartland by Jonathan M. Metzl
Eloquent Rage: A Black Feminist Discovers Her Superpower by Brittney Cooper
Faces at the Bottom of the Well by Derrick Bell
Fatal Invention: How Science, Politics, and Big Business Re-create Race in the Twenty-first Century by Dorothy Roberts
Fitzgerald, H.E., Johnson, D.J., Qin, D.B., Villarruel, F.A., & Norder, J. (2019). Handbook of Children and Prejudice: Integrating Research, Practice and Policy. Springer.
From #BlackLivesMatter to Black Liberation by Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor
From Here to Equality by William A. Darity and A. Kristen Mullen
Harrell, C.J.P. (1999). The meaning and impact of racism. In C.J.P. Harrell, Manichean Psychology, (1 – 51) by C.J.P. Harrell
How Blacks Built America by Joe Feagin
How to Be Less Stupid about Race: On Racism, White Supremacy, and the Racial Divide by Crystal Marie Fleming
How to Slowly Kill Yourself and Others in America by Kiese Laymon
killing rage: Ending Racism by bell hooks
Killing the Black Body and Fatal Invention by Dorothy Roberts
Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty Paperback by Dorothy Roberts
Latinos Facing Racism: Discrimination, Resistance, And Endurance by Joe Feagin
Lynching: Violence, Rhetoric, and American Identity by Ersula J. Ore
Me and White Supremacy: Combat Racism, Change the World and Become a Good Ancestor by Layla Saad
Medical Apartheid by Harriet Washington
Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present by Harriet A. Washington
Race for Profit by Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor
Race Matters (25th Anniversary Edition with a New Introduction) by Cornell West
Racecraft by Barbara and Karen Fields
Racism Without Racists: Color-Blind Racism and the Persistence of Racial Inequality in America by Eduardo Bonilla-Silva
Racist America (Third edition) by Joe Feagin
Sister Citizen by Melissa Harris Perry
Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches (Commemorative Edition) by Audre Lorde, Cheryl Clarke (Foreword by)
So You Want to Talk about Race by Ijeoma Oluo
Stamped from the Beginning by Ibram X. Kendi
Tears We Cannot Stop: A Sermon to White America by Michael Eric Dyson
The Alchemy of Race and Rights: Diary of a Law Professor by Patricia J. Williams
The Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man by James Weldon Johnson
The Autobiography of Malcolm X by Malcolm X, Ossie Davis (Afterword), Alex Haley (As Told to)
The Broken Heart of America by Walter Johnson
The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America by Richard Rothstein
The Cross and the Lynching Tree by James Cone
The Fire Next Time by James Baldwin
The Miseducation of the Negro by Carter G. Woodson
The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander
The Pushout by Monique Morris
The Souls of Black Folk by W. E. B. Du Bois
The Source of Self-Regard: Selected Essays, Speeches, and Meditations by Toni Morrison
The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America's Great Migration by Isabel Wilkerson
The White Racial Frame: Centuries of Racial Framing and Counter-Framing by Joe Feagin
The Wretched of the Earth by Frantz Fanon
Understanding Everyday Racism: An Interdisciplinary Theory (Vol. 2) by Philomena Essed
Waking Up White, and Finding Myself in the Story of Race by Debby Irving
We Were Eight Years in Power: An American Tragedy by Ta-Nehisi Coates
When Affirmative Action Was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-Century by Ira Katznelson
When They Call You a Terrorist: A Black Lives Matter Memoir by Patrisse Khan-Cullors, asha Bandele
White Kids: Growing Up with Privilege in a Racially Divided America by Margaret A. Hagerman
White Like Me: Reflections on Race from a Privileged Son / Edition 3 by Tim Wise
White Party, White Government: Race, Class, and U.S. Politics by Joe Feagin
White Rage: The Unspoken Truth of our Racial Divide by Carol Anderson
White Supremacy and Racism in the Post-Civil Rights Era by Eduardo Bonilla-Silva
Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?: And Other Conversations about Race by Beverly Daniel Tatum
Why We Can't Wait by Martin Luther King Jr., Jesse Jackson (Afterword)
Women, Race, and Class by Angela Y. Davis
Resources: Movies, Documentaries, and Television Series12 Years a Slave
4 Little Girls
Buck and the Preacher
Do the Right Thing
Eyes on the Prize
I Am Not Your Negro
If Beale Street Could Talk
Love Song for Latasha
Slavery by Another Name
The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross
The Black Power Mixtape 1967-1975
The Life and Death of Marsha P. Johnson
The Wire – Television Series
Time: The Kalief Browder Story
Watchmen – Television Series
When the Levees Broke
When They See Us
Within Our Gates
How to Be an Antiracist by Ibram X. Kendi
White Fragility: Why It's So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism by Robin DiAngelo
Resources: Websites, Online Articles
10 Children's Books About Racism And Activism To Help Parents Educate Their Kids [HuffPost]
Academia Isn’t a Safe Haven for Conversations About Race and Racism [Harvard Business Review]
How to Raise an Anti-Racist Kid [New York Times]
How White Parents Can Talk To Their Kids About Race [HuffPost]
Racial Equity Tools
The Case for Reparations [The Atlantic]
Understanding and Dismantling Racism: A Booklist for White Readers [Charis Books & More]
Understanding systemic racism and how to combat it [Arizona State University]